John M ARMLEDER, Jean CARZOU -
Galerie Richard in New York presents John M Armleder – Jean Carzou, a duo exhibition from June 5 through August 23, 2014. This exhibition will have a part 2 in Galerie Richard in Paris from October 11 through November 22, 2014.
The young Karnik Zouloumian, born in 1907 in Allepo, Syria, settled with his Armenian family in Egypt and was a brilliant student in Cairo. At age 17, he went to Paris to study architecture at the “Ecole Spéciale d’ Architecture”. After his graduation in 1930, he made paintings with “Squares and Circles” and changed his name to Jean Carzou out of a desire to better integrate himself into French society. He became known relatively quickly thanks to his stage designs for the Opéra de Paris, becoming a household name in the 50’s with his sets for the Comédie Française. In 1955 the art magazine “Connaissance des Arts” rated him as one of the ten most important painters of his generation. His sharp graphic style became extremely popular in the 60’s and 70’s with no other French artist achieving the same level of popularity since. Jean Carzou at the time was on the cutting edge of figurative painting the way George Mathieu and Victor Vasarely were to abstract painting. The RTL radio station invited these three leading artists to conceive of a new design for the façade of its Parisian building. In 1972 the radio station selected Vasarely’s proposal, an Op art motif and clear technophile symbol of the 70’s.
In 1969 John M Armleder (born in 1948 in Geneva) created with other artists close to the Fluxus group, the group “Ecart”, and they conceived a gallery of the same name. John M Armleder has developed a body of work that is incredibly subtle and complex. His approach is based on the idea that his work evolves in relationship with things that already exist. He operates without irony through the scrambling and dismantling of art hierarchies. In this show he takes the risk to reevaluate the work of Jean Carzou, star of the 60’s and 70’s, relegated to the rank of minor artist.
“…That is why I celebrate with determination so- called “minor artists” such as Jean Carzou, because I think that basically Malevich would not exist without Carzou. I have in fact a capital of sympathy for about everything… I do not believe in good or bad taste. I am somewhat alerted by discriminatory judgment in so far as I am convinced that the same reasons and criteria can be used to celebrate or devaluate a work of art. The same goes for an art object. The judgment proceeds with the same principle, whether to evaluate or to devaluate, there is no difference” (1).
John M Armleder chose to present in this show the architectural model – forgotten for more than 40 years- that Jean Carzou had proposed for the RTL façade: a “moucharaby” based on the dream-like mechanism of his paintings. This age-old ornamental skin concept since adopted by contemporary architecture has become an omnipresent device evolving with the state of technology and can be seen in the façade of the New Museum in New York. Armleder has also chosen to show in this exhibition the little known “Circles and Squares” of the young Carzou along with his own “Pour and Puddle” paintings. The “Circles and Squares” pieces are meta paintings- images of abstraction from the 30’s, carefully made by the artist. They share a temporal space with the calm fury of the splendid “Pour and Puddles” paintings.
It is difficult to imagine that Jean Carzou and John Armleder could be contemporaries. Carzou at the height of his fame, member of the “Beaux Arts Academy”, had made a few blunders condemning without reserve Picasso and Cézanne, who in his view were symbols of the “decadence in painting”. He garnered a great deal of hostility from the art world with such radical statements. All this shows the irony-free audacity of John Armleder who gambles big to celebrate a loser. The philosopher Jean Toussaint Desanti explains in his autobiography that the philosopher is the one who must gamble with the totality of his knowledge and ideas. It would take new genealogies to handle the dual presence of Jean Carzou and John Armleder. Only the disconcerting and astute intelligence of John Armleder is modestly present here.
The “Pour and Puddle” paintings are stretched canvasses laid on the floor onto which the artist pours paint, lacquer and varnish. Their execution is a matter of quick decision – the careful manipulation of different chemical substances as they interact together on the canvas. The paintings clearly reveal their production process: a handling of paint through which failure, success and abandonment are equalized. John Armleder’s work defies the hierarchy of programmatic intention, while challenging and questioning its own authority.
These works also bring to mind the “Dendrites” of George Sand (1804-1870), a writer that Carzou could also have illustrated. These watercolor paintings belong to the history of natural and accidental images used or produced by artists to stimulate their imagination. She used randomness to create landscapes, “to make nature real”. Modest and cunning craftsmanship puts to an end the vanities of subjectivity. One could trace a subversive history of these unassuming craftsmen whose work has a time-delayed capacity to take effect and make their impact felt.
Curator and Art advisor, Paris May 2014.
Cécile Calé has created the “Cercle Spiridion” with Claude Darras. They operate the Fondation Tuck at Château Vert-Mont.
(1) “John Armleder: La création contemporaine “, published by Flammarion.